Although more than twenty million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes each year, very few of them are aware of what they actually are. Once a person is diagnosed with diabetes, it is difficult to treat, as insulin plays an important role in controlling blood sugar levels. If you know what diabetes is, you will be better equipped to recognize symptoms, how to manage the disease, and what to do about it.
Diabetes is caused by a number of different factors, including genetics, environment, and lifestyle, and it affects various parts of the body. This article will give you the basics of how diabetes works and what causes it.
There are two main types of diabetes: Type I and Type II. Both types require insulin to control blood sugar levels. It is usually the body’s inability to produce enough insulin that causes diabetes. However, in some cases, diabetes may be caused by a lack of insulin.
The main difference between these two types of diabetes is the fact that the first type only affects a single organ while the second type affects many organs. If a person is diagnosed with type one diabetes, their pancreas is usually removed. They can then only expect to experience chronic pain in their pancreas for the rest of their life. In contrast, if a person has type two diabetes, the pancreas may be kept, but it cannot be used for chronic pain treatment.
Diabetes occurs when the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels is compromised. There are many factors that can cause diabetes, including being overweight, taking alcohol, high levels of fat in the diet, lack of exercise, a family history of the disease, stress, and changes in the hormones such as insulin. However, genetics appears to be a leading factor. Studies have shown that people who inherit genes for obesity have a much higher risk of developing diabetes.
Since diabetes is caused by a lack of insulin, treatment for this disease must target how the body produces insulin. Since insulin is the major weapon in fighting off and controlling high blood sugar levels, knowing how to control it is key to your health.
A common treatment for diabetes includes dietary changes, medications to lower blood sugar levels, exercise, and medication to control blood pressure. Depending on the type of diabetes, other treatments may be required depending on which organ system is affected.
The treatments that involve diet and exercise are the most common in treating diabetes involves controlling blood sugar levels. While medications for controlling blood sugar levels can cause side effects, most are relatively safe and can be managed by a physician.
However, if your diabetes is controlled with medications or with lifestyle changes, you may be at greater risk for other complications. These include kidney problems, high blood pressure, and blindness.
Other conditions that may develop from diabetes include gallstones, blindness, nervous system damage, and fractures. Obesity can also lead to kidney problems, high blood pressure, and peripheral vascular disease.
Diabetics who are not on insulin often undergo lifestyle changes that reduce the risk of diabetes and its complications. They include increasing physical activity, decreasing fat intake, cutting back on alcohol consumption, and quitting smoking. Finally, diabetics should ensure that they have regular visits to their doctor for their checkups and follow their doctor’s instructions for diabetes management.